Did Ramayana Really Happen? Or Is It Just a Myth?

Group picture of Rama, sita, laxman and hanuman

'Ramayana' is one of the two (2) greatest epics in the Hindu Mythology, the other being the 'Mahabharata'. 'The Journey of Lord Rama' is called as 'Rama-Yana' It forms an important part of Hindu literature which is considered to be Historical!.

But did it really happen? or is it just a work of Fiction by 'Valmiki'? or is it a myth transcribed by 'Valmiki'?

What is Ramayana?

'Ramayana' is generally attributed to the Great Hindu Sage - Valmiki. The Book is estimated to be written in 5000 B.C. The original 'Ramayana' consists of 7 books named as 'Kandas'. Each 'Kanda' tells different legs of Rama's Journey towards becoming 'King of Ayodhya' after a great battle against 'Ravana - an evil King of Lanka' to rescue his beloved wife, Sita.

Many claim that the happenings of Ramayana can be proved to be Historical i.e to say that 'Ramayana' did take place in the History and 'Rama' did exist in the past. The Bridge built for Rama by his army which is called as 'Rama's Bridge' ( Adam's Bridge)  (read full article by clicking the link) and the place where he ruled i.e Ayodhya still exists in India - Supports this claim.

But till now, Ramayana is not considered as historical because of lack of evidence to prove its existence. If 'Ramayana' is proved to be historical, then the unsolved mystery of 'Rama's Bridge' will be solved as well.

Rama directing vanaras to build Rama's bridge
Image credits : Nithin

About Rama's Bridge

It is estimated that 'Rama's Bridge' is constructed in around 5000 B.C, with the use of wood and stones. This supports the claim of Ramayana being Historical. It is also backed by the construction method used to build the bridge is mentioned in the Valmiki's text.

Although Valmiki mentioned it as a History, the exact time period of living cannot be determined because he has used 'Yugas' i.e Rama lived in 'Tetra yuga' to be specific. But he has forgotten to specify which yuga scale was used when mentioning 'Tetra yuga'.

Because, 'Each yuga can range from 10 years to as wide as nearly 4,320,000 years!'.

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Ramayana is not a mythology you can see its example are rama bridge,rame swaram temple, ayodhya, and you can also check a lot of proof in YouTube or by googling.


According to Indian text books. Indus valley civilization began around 2500 BC. Two epics Ramayana and Mahabharata written in Later Vedic Period ( 600 BC - 600 AD ).
If this is True then why not Lord Rama , Hanuman or else mentioned in Vedas , Brahamans , Aranyakas , Upanishads etc ? As i believe Ramayana happened before 2500 BC.

Some ppl says vedas were wriiten long before ramayana thats why vedas mentioned in ramayana. Lets assume if this is true & Books are hoax ( distorted history by british) which i am reading ..... then , why were the statues of Lord Rama , Hanuman not found in excavations of Indus Valley Civilizations like Harappa , mohenjodaro , chanhudaro , Lothal , kalibangan , Banawali , Dholavria , Surkotada , Daimabad ........ while statues of other deities were found there.


That's because during those times only the supreme gods or the absolutes were worshipped and not human beings. Even though Ram was an avatar of Vishnu he was still a person(and much more). Because that was the whole point of being incarnated as a human being so that the gods could show the masses that through right action and dharma good will always triumph over the evil. Remember that people of those times were much more advanced and intelligent. And moreover, idol worship and temple-building in hinduism began only after 100-200 A.D.


It was a myth there is no archeological evidence or scientific evidence.
No timeline. Not even a single coin was found..
It was a story...
Vedas were written by Aryans.
Aryans came from central Asia.
It means they are not Indians.
They created yama Agni and all this dieties.
But there is not even a single foreign country or even other books proclaim about it..

No social book will consider Ramayana as history...
It was just profane history


Even before Valmiki composed Ramayana, it existed as a folk tale often narrated by bards during yagas etc. Narada was one such bard (referred as Sutas). It was Narada who briefed Valmiki, and he in turn elaborated the same into the great magnum opus. The folk tale perhaps has its roots on a real time event, and what exactly it was is highly speculative. Valmiki Ramayana is faulted by historians for mistakes in the Geographical facts. Also it refers to Greeks, sakas etc and are known in India after Alexander. Linguistically also it falls in line with post Panini Sanskrit. The Ramayana known to us through Valmiki is fiction. The bridge etc are incidental and will not pass close scrutiny.


Puranas were written to expound the vedas. The vedas are very abstract and esoteric. In order to teach vedic philosophy, these wonderful stories were written so the humans mind can relate to thiese abstract concepts..All puranas are highly allegorical.


But Ramayana was written by Valmiki when Sita was abandoned by Shri Ram and was living with her kids Luv and Kush. So how could it has existed as a folk tale?


is there any proofs of Ramayana in tamilnadu bcoz Sri ram must cross tnadu to reach lanka


You are referring to the uttara kanda. If Valmiki could have written is now seriously disputed by historians. From linguistic point of view this appears to be a later insertion. Ramayana as we have it today has been modified, ammended knowingly or mischievously over a period of time.


Rama's Bridge was built in 5000 BC is what stated in this article... This cannot be true as the conclusive evidence of start date of Mahabaharat war was 16th Oct 5561 BC... hence this contruction of Rama's Bridge should have happened several thousand years ago... also it is mentioned in the article that Valmiki wrote ramayana in 5000 bc , then how come the bridge was built during the same period...


Are bhai mere Valmiki Ramyan is different andd. Tulsidas Ramaayan is. Different.In earlier Ramayan by valniki ji Ram was. A leader of tribe,but tulsds ramayan made him Avatar of Vishnu...so clearcut observation proves they are all mythical


There is a Rameshwaram temple of shuvji in tamil nadu on the sea shore which was created by shri Ram while making the bridge to lanka. It still ecist


Ramayana is history . Some parts of it could have been exaggerated but there is sufficient evidence to say that it is history .

I will give three instances .

1.Dr. Suresh Vishwanath Bhave who was a Professor in Medical College in Pune was also an avid aviator . He traced the various events in Ramayana and the places where they were said to have happened . He traced aerially the path given in Ramayana , the travel from Ayodhya to Lanka and was able to correlate most of the places and happenings . Interestingly many of the descriptions given in Ramayana are possible only when seen from above , that is from the airplane . If you are on the ground , you cannot understand the description . For example the crater of Lonar is mentioned in the Ramayana . It is on a hillock , in the middle of very dense , inhospitable forest . It was not inhabited till recent times .

The book by Dr. Bhave is ramachya padchinhavar pushpak vimanane pankha pasarale (pushpak in the footsteps of Ram), complete with breath-taking aerial pictures .

A times of India news item can be seen here Re-tracing Rama's footsteps - The Times of India

2. At one point in Ramayana , Sugriv tells his lieutenant to keep going west in search of Seeta till he sees the Trishul of Shankara at night . The Trishul of Shankara is a luminous formation on the coast of Peru which is seen only at night and only from a long distance in the air . It can be seen even now . You can search for images for "Candelabra of Peru ."

3.The crater of Lonar is mentioned in the Ramayana .It is a huge circular lake , made by meteorite strike , It is on a hillock , in the middle of very dense , inhospitable forest . It was not inhabited till recent times .

Innumerable instances can be shown , which could not possibly have been poetic license , or stories put in later on , of places scattered over entire Indian subcontinent .

You can see my answer to related question on quora here


After end of kalyuga.. people in next yuga would say same thing that there is no evidence that in this yuga science & technology much exist like we can't even imagine


I agree with you.


My question is if God came to earth as a human.. Why he came to India only?
Both time.. First as Rama and then as Krishna..

Why didn't he come to other places?
And if he did..
Why Hinduism doesn't cover that..

I am in search of answers..
Would love to be enlightened and answered..


Read the veda puran ramayana.

You will get all answers.


Mr Johnson.

We don't believe recent history modified by any person.

We have history of lacs year. Have u ever read about Nalanda and takshashila. The oldest university . People from other country came to read here.
There all proofs were present. But now they don't have any existence.

So if u have time then try to read ramayana, mahabharat , veda, puran.
This book when wrote no one knows. But all doubt will be cleared .

Try to read and understand.


Please don't discuss ..

Read understand ramayana. Then come we will discuss.

This is not s simple book it's a holi pabitra book. And having true story..


If you look into Ramayana of Valmiki only, you will have proof. Sugriva when assigning teams for searching Sita, mentions of kadamba forest, which incidentally is today's Madurai.


The name Shri Lanka is very new, even the lankan's did not know it till 1950.
Every character and city, country is set according to Ramayana by it's blind followers.
Read the history of Lanka, bridge proof is totally fake, at that time there was a road between India and Lanka.

Read the Lankan history and then read Ramayana, everything will be clear.


In which generation monkey were walking on two legs like a man, is there any proof?
Can ever a monkey fly like hanuman without any wings, can it be proved?

In ramayana, Ram and Rawan fight in air with their horse cart (Ghoda Gadi), can it fly :)

Can a person have more than one head


can you give any reference to this context in any of the vedas or puranas.


Such a great tradition can not be declared myth and fake outright. People who have read Ramayana properly will be able to appreciate the following:

It is perhaps the only epic which begins by pondering the great virtues of a human being and if it be possible that such a person could have existed. Such a person did exist and he was Rama. Rama maintained these virtues steadfastly; and he along with his spouse suffered a lot; They never gave up. The epic makes clear that citizens of that time admired these qualities. Rama won a great war; As a victor he behaved a perfect gentleman. He did not annexed the land or material & walked out with Sita only, his married wife. Compare this with all the wars that happened ever since. Certain episodes did get interpolated over time; These add colour to the epic but make it less of history. By the by what if it is history or not. Is the History as we have today all factual.


Many people express their own estimations arbitrarily without providing any documentary proof. Some people say Ramayana was held 5000 years ago without ay basis. Ramayana composed by Valmiki has the answer, particularly in Rama Pattabhishek sarga. Rama ruled for 11,000 years. In Sanskrit, it is said dasa varsha sahasrani, dasa varsha satanicha (Ten times to thousand and ten times a hundred). One may argue how is it possible for a man to live for 11,000 years. Thousands of years ago, longevity of man was high and age of ancient man should not be equated to the modern man. If we add his 14 years of exile to forests and life at Ayodhya, it can be around 40 yrs. Anyhow, we can approximate his longevity was around 11,000 years. One cannot be sure whether Treta Yug ended with the end of Rama. Anyhow, Dwapar Yug followed, the exact time period of which is not known. It can be several thousands of years. Next, Kali Yug entered. One is not sure how many years are already over till now. But it can be few thousands of years. Considering all these periods, Rama's or Ramayana's period should be over 11,000 years ago.

My research into Valmiki Ramayana unfolds King Rama, who ruled a portion of North India called Kosala desa (kingdom) with Ayodhya as capital, existed more than 11,000 years ago. Hindus broadly named the period as Treta Yug. Traditionally, historians seek archeological evidences such as fossils, coins, vessels etc on Rama, and if they find evidences in or around Ayodhya, then only they agree on Rama's existence. But, our archeologists have not made serious efforts to find such evidences, if any, at Ayodhya, so none should jump into a hasty conclusion that Rama never existed. Some people argue that Valmiki Ramayana does not reflect Rama's history. Instead, it is mistaken by western scholars as mythology, and fiction, while some others say it is nothing but an epic. My years of research into Valmiki Ramayana revealed that Valmiki has written it mainly as the history of King Rama, because he has found extraordinary abilities and nobilities in him. Valmiki became the first historian, much before the word 'history' was coined. Ramayana also described with unprecedented details about civilizations of humans, Vanara, Gradru, and Rakshasa. He has correctly mentioned Nuwara Eliya Hills of Sri Lanka as trikuta parvat as congregation of three mountain ranges, when facilities of areal survey was unavailable.

Nala Sethu visibly seen as a road from Rameswaram in India to Sri Lanka is the definite marine archeological evidence on existence of Rama, Vanaras, and Rakshasa civilizations. Valmiki Ramayana clearly mentioned that under the command of Crown Prince Rama, crores of Vanaras, Golanguls and Rukshyas have built the road just in 5 days. Incredibly, they have built on 200 meters deep sea. A rough estimate shows that it is around 60 km long and 5 km wide. During British rule, number of attempts were made at various places to see whether a passage to ships can be made through Nala Sethu. Since it became a huge unbreakable fossil, it was not possible to make a passage, as a result a chain of islands are seen visibly and also through satellite.


The vedas, mahabaratha, ramayan and other aryan stories and epics were written after aryan invasion. The great mohenjadaro-harappa civilization has its proof in Pakistan still now which dated back close to 5000 years. There is no evidence of those epics at that area!
The earlier veda,the Rig veda consist the story of aryan invasion furthermore there are many Tamil words in them therefore they are definitely mythical story.
Rama could have lived as prince of kingdom but he is definitely not the GOD. Use 'wh" questions to find out the answers as we are educated. Believing the myth or epics as religious fundamental is absolute stupidity.


Dear Thiagu Arumugam, I worked at AIIMS. There is no cure yet for ignorance and arrogance. If anyone sticks to certain notions, none can correct the person. If you are a scholar of Ramayana, then only your argument would be enlightening. You just argue with war of words. 1. Can you please provide proof that vedas, mahabaratha, ramayan were written after Aryan invasion? 2. How archeological findings can speak the "evidence of those epics in that area"? 3. Please let me know where in Rig Veda has mentioned Aryan Invasion? I am myself a scholar of Rig Veda. 4. In my discussion above, I have not mentioned Ramayana as Epic or Rama as God Why did you bring an irrelevant point in discussion?


Thiagu Arumugam, NO PROOF IN YOUR SAYING,"The vedas, mahabaratha, ramayan and other aryan stories and epics were written after aryan invasion". Aryan invasion itself is a myth, never happened.

2. You said, "There is no evidence of those epics at that area". Rocks and bricks cannot speak whethere Ramayana, Mahabharat, Tamil literature, and Tamlians exist there or somewhere. Since there is no evidence of tamil literature and tamils there, do you say there was no tamil literature and tamilians at the time of Aryan invasion. 3. I am a Rig Veda Scholar. Please let me know where Aryan invasion is cited in it. Sanskrit being oldest language, Sanskrit words are present in every regional language including tamil. It is that tamil words are in Rig Veda. My comment did not say Rama was God. He was exceptionally virtuous king with many abilities and nobilities. Ramayana and Mahabharata are not myths but they represent histories of Rama, and Pandvas.




Don't tell Ramayana is true...you are a theist so u r telling Ramayana is true...how could monkey fly? How can it changes the sizes from small mosquito to mountain? You use to tell its a devine power...because of this imaginary word DEVINE POWER several dongi baabas are taking advantages of incocent peoples of society and deviating them towards astray...


Let me try to answer your question, as I did research on Valmiki Ramayana since 40 years or so. You asked, In which generation monkey were walking on two legs like a man, is there any proof? How do you know Vanaras were monkeys? Where is your proof? My deep research work into Valmiki Ramayana unfolded that Vanaras, Golanguls, Rukshyas, Rakshasas, Gradrus were distinct civilizations existed during Ramayana period, parallel to humans. Vanaras were not monkeys. Some of them had an ability to fly long distances. We have no idea about living conditions of ancient man. We cannot compare ancient man,who lived thousands of years ago with the current man. Ravan had a flying chariot, according to Ramayana. As you said, we cannot demonstrate such a chariot now. We have airplanes now. After 2000 years, people may not believe our words. Ancient Sri Lanka had Rakshasas with genetic defects that you will realize when you read Sundara Kanda. Some Rakshasas had camel type of legs. If you ask, how it is possible? we have no answer. I saw a saint known as Nepali Baba at Jodhpur in Rajasthan. He had just 2 fingers to hands and feet, but he made a beautiful samadhi to his guru. It was genetic defect. Ramayana says Ravan had ten heads. We have no idea what happened in his case.


What you said was true in your saying, there was a road between India and Lanka. It was described in Valmiki Ramayana as Nala Sethu. It has been really a road of nearly 60 km long and 5 km wide built by crores of Vanaras just in 5 days over 200 meters deep sea.

NASA's Hanuman Bridge -
A prehistoric Marvel of the World, reminder of ancient Indian glory,
a demonstration of unparallel engineering skill of non-humans,
and magnificient marine archeological structural evidence for existence of Rama, and Vanaras, Golanguls, and Ruskshyas, distinctly different civilizations existed then.

The first scientific research article on Nala Sethu.

The author, for the first time provided Sethu as marine archeological evidence on existence of Vanara, Golangul and Ruskshya civilizations parallel to humans, and of Rama under whose commandership the Sethu was made. The insight can be an eye opener to historians, anthropologists, archeologists, paleontologists and a treasure house to researchers. The most ancient, longest (over 60 km long) and widest (over 5 km wide) land mass or bridge ever built in the world, in shortest time, just in 5 days on 20 to 200 metre deep sea connecting two nations ancient India (Bharat) with ancient Lanka (Sri Lanka) by non-humans could be nothing but a prehistoric wonder, more amazing than China wall, and seven wonders of the world. Nala Sethu represents ancient India's glory and its heritage. It's world heritage too. Nala Sethu establishes the fact Vanaras, Golanguls and Ruskshyas, distinct species existed during Ramayana period, were much superior to humans in size, warfare, engineering skills! It is the hope that UNESCO would designate one day the Nala Sethu as a World Heritage Site.

Please read Valmiki Ramayana, you will find many interesting facts. Few years ago, I gave my opinion as scientist in a TV serial Mano Ya Namano program on Nala Sethu.


Dear Kcvinodh Zones, Please do not mistake Vanaras as monkeys. Vanaras, Golanguls, Rukshyas, Rakshasas, Gradrus were distinctly different civilizations existed during Ramayana period, parallel to humans. Vanaras ate fruits and honey. Some Vanaras lived just on coconut water. Some of them were of mountain size. They have broken hill tops, brought elephant sized boulders and placed them in a line over 200 meters deep sea to make a road across ancient India and Sri Lanka. They could uproot 15 types of trees and were placed above boulders to make road, what was mentioned as Nala Sethu in Ramayana. You have doubted changing size of Hanuman's physical form. He had an ability of changing the size of his body. Hanuman ji had 8 types of miraculous powers called siddhis. Tulsi Das, who wrote Rama Charit Manas saw him and talked to him, according to legends.


As we know zero were invented by aryabhatt..then thousand of years ago how to meausured 10 heads of ravana,100 kauravas in mahabharat and lots of things...
M also a believer of ramayana and mahabharat..i respect them..but m asking for verifying..


Prasad Khandve,
NOT TRUE: Ancient Indians knowing only the numeral zero and nothing else is a misconcept. Valmiki Ramayana, particularly Rama Pattabhishek Sarga says Rama has ruled 11,000 years. In sanskrit, it is said, dasa varsha sahasrani, dasa varsha satanicha. So ancient Indians knew numbers up to 10^16. Vanaras participated in Lanka war were around ten thousand crores in number.


Prasad for your knowledge I also agree with the fact that ramayana and mahabharat really did happen but if we see the facts our many theories were never accepted by the indians themselves that means we don't believe our own science our own theories for example the concept of gravity was given by our scientist Bhaskacharya. He stated the laws of gravity in the book Surya Siddhanta in 11th century. Thus the law actually exists even before the birth of Sir Isaac Newton (Newton was born in the 16th century).But we Indians are a bunch of fools which only believes what we are told. In ancient time we had modern warfare techniques also which were used by our ancestors. The best example is "THE BHRAMASTRA" in the books it has been written that the effect of this weapon was equal to the destruction caused by a nuclear bomb. So the fact is that firstly we need to know our culture our science then we should conclude to something. But yeah i don't know the answer to your question but I will try to find the answer as much fast as possible.
(for reference to the point of newton and bhaskacharya visit :magnificentmaharashtra.wordpress.com/2015/01/16/bhaskaracharyas-law-of-gravity-discovered-1200-years-before-newton/ ).


I'm sorry to say this , in nature everything is un-assumable and incredible , so i believe that Ramayana was just an imaginary story and not true


Hi Prasad, I would like to share my thoughts on this with you. I am not completely aware on the history of invention of zero but you must be aware that in ancient scriptures or tales “zero” was never been used. If you consider Sanskrit as the language of ancient India or “Aryavartha” they had system of numbering which was not numerical but was verbal or alphabetical and started from ekam-1, dvitiyam-2, dasham-10, sahastra-1000, koti 10,000,000 etc..

The counting was based on physical objects available and thus was possible without zero. I do not have any facts to support my theory but I consider it to be persuasive enough to make you understand that without zero counting was possible.


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