Rama's Bridge ( Rama Setu ), which is also known as Adam's Bridge is a chain of limestone shoals which connected India and Srilanka at specific places till 1480 as recorded in Temple books. It is estimated that it was built around 5000B.C.
The main controversy surrounding this bridge is whether it is a Natural geological formation or a bridge built by Man ('Vanaras' as per 'Ramayana')?
The Bridge as you can see in the Pic - A small line which is connecting 2 countries i.e India ( Above) and Srilanka ( below), is claimed to have been built by Rama's Army! ( Vanaras). It is nearly 30 kms in length which separates Gulf of Mannar from Palk Strait.
Some areas on this stretch are above sea level which is dry because the sea is very shallow being only 1 meter deep. The fact of being able to cross that bridge on Foot was supported by temple records until 1480 AD when a cyclone broke the bridge apart and at present it cannot be crossed.
According to 'Ramayana' ( Ancient Sanskrit Epic by Valmiki )
When 'Rama' faced the difficulty of crossing the gap i.e the sea to reach Lanka to rescue his wife (Sita) who was napped by Evil 'Ravana', this artificial bridge was built.
With the guidance of 'Nala', Rama's Army ( Consisting of mainly 'Ape-Men' or as called as 'Vanaras' ) built this bridge out of wood as base and limestone shoals on top of them.
But the existence of Ramayana i.e whether it is History or Fiction is questioned at present. If Ramayana is proved as History then this bridge will be declared as built by Man (Ape-Men).
According to Earliest Maps by British Cartographer
In the earliest map, this place is named as Adam's Bridge by a British cartographer in 1804 which gives reference to the Abrahamic myth. According to which a man named Adam used this bridge to reach Adam's Peak which is situated in Sri-Lanka (Lanka as referred in Ramayana).
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